In most industries, when writing a CV, it should be no longer than 2 pages' long. Exceptions include IT, where CVs may go up to 4 or 5 pages, and medicine where CVs may reach 20 pages once all publications, presentations and audits are included.
There are three types of CVs:
A chronological CV focusses on presenting the candidate's experience on an employer by employer basis, with the posts being listed in reverse chronological order. It also contains detail of education and qualifications, together with hobbies. Some chronological CVs also contain a brief personal statement at the front which sets out the key skills and strengths of the candidate. This is the most common type of CV.
A chronological CV typically uses the following structure:
Unlike a chronological CV, a functional CV places the emphasis on your skills and expertise rather than the chronology of you employment to date.
A functional CV typically starts with a personal profile which highlights the achievements, skills and personal qualities that you possess. This is then followed by a succession of sections, each relating to a different skill or ability. These should be ordered in decreasing order of importance. Instead of focussing on any particular job, you should describe your experience in its glabality. Since you are not focussing on any particular past employment, this means you can include any skills or experience gained in voluntary or unpaid work. Here are examples of functional headings that are commonly found.
To conclude the CV, you should then a list of employers and employment dates, as well as a section on your qualification. The last section should focus on your personal details and hobbies/interests.
A combined CV follows both the chronological and functional format, which makes the CV slightly longer than normal.
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